|22 Wing Badge|
22 Wing North Bay, also known as the Canadian Air Defence Sector (CADS), is responsible for providing surveillance, identification, control and warning for the aerospace defence of Canada and North America at the Sector Air Operations Centre.
This surveillance and identification of all air traffic approaching North America (some 200,000 flights per year) is accomplished using radar information received via satellite from the North Warning System across the Canadian Arctic, coastal radars on the east and west coasts of Canada, and Airborne Warning and Control System Aircraft.
All Aircraft penetrating this radar coverage are detected and identified by the personnel of 21 Aerospace Control and Warning Squadron (AC&W Sqn), who are always on guard--24 hours per day, 7 days per week. Unidentified Aircraft, Aircraft in distress, or Aircraft suspected of conducting illegal activities may be intercepted by CF-18 fighters.
Critical information on air sovereignty events is forwarded to the North American Aerospace Defence Command (NORAD) in Cheyenne Mountain, Colorado, where it is in turn passed on to the command authorities--the President of the United States and the Prime Minister of Canada--to decide on the appropriate responses.
Due to this binational nature of the NORAD agreement, some 33 American personnel belonging to the USAF's 1 Air Force Detachment 2 in the Canadian Sector Air Operations (SAOC). Training of the personnel who perform the air sovereignty mission is done by 51 AC&W (Operational Training) Squadron, an integral unit of 22 Wing.