Glossary (B-GA-401-000/FP-001, Canadian Forces Aerospace Command Doctrine)

All the definitions contained in this glossary are derived from the Defence Terminology Bank (DTB), http://terminology.mil.ca/.

administrative control (ADCON)
Direction or exercise of authority over subordinate or other organizations in respect to administrative matters such as personnel management, supplies, services, and other matters not included in the operational missions of the subordinate or other organizations. (DTB record 3289)

aerospace operation
An activity, or series of activities, related to the planning and application of aerospace power to achieve assigned objectives. (DTB record 37248)

aerospace power
That element of military power that is applied within or from the air and space environments to achieve effects above, on, and below the surface of the Earth. (DTB record 34078)

campaign
A set of military operations planned and conducted to achieve a strategic objective within a given time and geographical area, which normally involves maritime, land and air forces. (DTB record 18743)

close support (CS)
That action of the supporting force against targets or objectives which are sufficiently near the supported force as to require detailed integration or coordination of the supporting action with the fire, movement, or other actions of the supported force. (DTB record 406)

coalition
An ad hoc agreement between two or more nations for a common action. (DTB record 21755)

coalition operation
A combined operation based on ad hoc agreements, standards and procedures. (DTB record 35678)

combat operation
A military operation where the use or threatened use of force, including lethal force, is essential to impose will on an armed opponent or to accomplish a mission. The actual level of force used will be in accordance with specified rules of engagement. (DTB record 21754)

combined
Adjective used to describe activities, operations and organizations, in which elements of more than one nation participate. (DTB record 18750)

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Command
The operational function that integrates all the operational functions into a single comprehensive strategic, operational or tactical level concept. (DTB record 26166)

command
The authority vested in an individual of the armed forces for the direction, coordination, and control of military forces. (DTB record 27866)

command and control (C2)
The exercise of authority and direction by a commander over assigned, allocated and attached forces in the accomplishment of a mission. (DTB record 5950)

commander (comd)
An officer appointed to command a military organization such as a command, formation or a base. Note: this term could also apply to an officer or non-commissioned member appointed to command a sub-unit, a section or a detachment. (DTB record 350)

commander’s intent
The expressed rationale, method and desired end state of an operation or campaign that assures unity of purpose. (DTB record 32716)

control (con)
The authority exercised by commanders over part of the activities of subordinate organizations, or other organizations not normally under their command, which encompasses the responsibility for implementing orders or directives.
Note: All or part of this authority may be transferred or delegated. (DTB record 375)

doctrine
Fundamental principles by which the military forces guide their actions in support of objectives. Note: It is authoritative but requires judgment in application. (DTB record 1761)

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force employment (FE)
1. At the strategic level, the application of military means in support of strategic objectives.
2. At the operational level, the command, control and sustainment of allocated forces. (DTB record 32173)

force generation (FG)
The process of organizing, training and equipping forces for force employment. (DTB record 32171)

full command
The military authority and responsibility of a commander to issue orders to subordinates. It covers every aspect of military operations and administration and exists only within national services.
Note: The term “command,” as used internationally, implies a lesser degree of authority than when it is used in a purely national sense. No North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) or coalition commander has full command over the forces assigned to him since in assigning forces to NATO, nations will delegate only operational command or operational control. (DTB record 4340)

integrated
Said of activities, operations and organizations in which military and non-military elements combine to achieve goal through coordinated and complementary efforts. (DTB record 41415)

joint
Said of activities, operations and organizations in which elements of at least two components participate. Note: The components are maritime, land, air and special operations. (DTB record 35248)

line officer
An officer with command authority. (DTB record 41466)

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operational command (OPCOM)
The authority granted to a commander to assign missions or tasks to subordinate commanders, to deploy units, to reassign forces, and to retain or delegate operational and/or tactical control as the commander deems necessary.
Notes:
1. Operational command does not include responsibility for administration.
2. In the NATO definition, the expression “to reassign forces” is used rather than “to allocate forces.” (DTB record 19477)

operational control (OPCON)
The authority delegated to a commander to direct allocated forces to accomplish specific missions or tasks that are usually limited by function, time, or location, to deploy units concerned, and to retain or delegate tactical control of those units.
Notes:
1. Operational control does not include authority to assign separate employment of components of the units concerned, neither does it, of itself, include administrative or logistic control.
2. In the NATO definition, the expression “forces assigned” is used rather than “allocated forces.” (DTB record 1056)

reachback
The means by which a deployed force receives support from organizations external to the area of responsibility. (DTB record 37303)

spectrum of conflict
The full range of relationships between states or groups, reflecting the frequency and intensity of violence. (DTB record 35238)

staff officer (SO)
A person assisting a commander, or senior officer, or filling a specific position within the staff. (DTB record 1349)

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supported command
A command that receives forces or other support from another command and has primary responsibility for all aspects of an assigned task. (DTB record 32319)

supported commander
A commander who has the primary responsibility for all aspects of an assigned military task and has the authority to give general direction for supporting efforts. Note: The relationship between supported and supporting commanders does not constitute a formal command relationship. (DTB record 37280)

supporting command
A command that provides forces or other support to another command. (DTB record 32320)

supporting commander
A commander who provides a supported commander with forces, capabilities or other support and/or who develops a supporting plan.
Note: The relationship between supported and supporting commanders does not constitute a formal command relationship. (DTB record 37281)

tactical command (TACOM)
The authority delegated to a commander to assign tasks to forces under his command for the accomplishment of the mission assigned by higher authority. (DTB record 5491)

tactical control (TACON)
The detailed and, usually, local direction and control of movements or manoeuvres necessary to accomplish missions or tasks assigned. (DTB record 5493)

task force (TF)
A temporary grouping of units, under one commander, formed for the purpose of carrying out a specific operation or mission. (DTB record 1457)  

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